alexa Novel microwave-assisted synthesis of poly(D,L-lactide): the influence of monomer initiator molar ratio on the product properties.


Journal of Addiction Research & Therapy

Author(s): Nikolic L, Ristic I, Adnadjevic B, Nikolic V, Jovanovic J,

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Abstract Poly(D,L-lactide) synthesis using tin(II) 2-ethylhexanoate initiated ring-opening polymerization (ROP) takes over 30 hours in bulk at 120 °C. The use of microwave makes the same bulk polymerization process with the same initiator much faster and energy saving, with a reaction time of about 30 minutes at 100 °C. Here, the poly(lactide) synthesis was done in a microwave reactor, using frequency of 2.45 GHz and maximal power of 150 W. The reaction temperature was controlled via infra-red system for in-bulk-measuring, and was maintained at 100 °C. Different molar ratios of monomer and initiator, [M]/[I], of 1,000, 5,000 and 10,000 were used. The achieved average molar masses for the obtained polymers (determined by gel permeation chromatography) were in the interval from 26,700 to 112,500 g/mol. The polydispersion index was from 2.436 to 3.425. For applicative purposes, the obtained material was purified during the procedure of microsphere preparation. Microspheres were obtained by spraying a fine fog of polymer (D,L-lactide) solution in tetrahydrofuran into the water solution of poly(vinyl alcohol) with intensive stirring.
This article was published in Sensors (Basel) and referenced in Journal of Addiction Research & Therapy

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