Author(s): Kawashima Y, Higaki K, Fukushima T, Hakuno F, Nagaishi J,
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Abstract BACKGROUND: IGFs play key roles in intrauterine and postnatal growth through the IGF-I receptor (IGF-IR). We identified a family bearing a new heterozygous missense mutation at the L2 domain of IGF-IR (R431L). METHOD: We analysed the nucleotide sequences of the IGF1R gene of the family. We prepared R(-) cells (fibroblasts with targeted disruption of the IGF-IR gene) expressing wild-type or R431L IGF-IR and performed functional analyses by evaluating IGF-I binding, IGF-I-stimulated DNA synthesis, tyrosine phosphorylation of IGF-IR and its substrates, and internalization by measuring [(125) I]IGF-I internalization. We also performed confocal microscopy analysis. RESULTS: We identified a family bearing a new heterozygous missense mutation at the L2 domain of IGF-IR (R431L) through an 8-year-old girl and her mother, both born with intrauterine growth retardation. In experiments conducted using cells homozygously transfected with the IGF-IR R431L mutation; (i) IGF-I binding was not affected; (ii) DNA synthesis induced by IGF-I was decreased; (iii) IGF-IR internalization stimulated by IGF-I was decreased and (iv) IGF-I-stimulated tyrosine phosphorylation was reduced IGF-IR by low concentrations of IGF-I and on insulin receptor substrate (IRS)-1 and IRS-2. CONCLUSION: A missense mutation (R431L) leads to the inhibition of cell proliferation, attenuation of IGF signalling and decrease in internalization of IGF-IR. The results of this study suggest a novel link between a mutation at the IGF-IR L2 domain and intrauterine and postnatal growth retardation. © 2012 Blackwell Publishing Ltd.
This article was published in Clin Endocrinol (Oxf)
and referenced in Journal of Neonatal Biology