alexa Novel polysaccharide-protein-based amphipathic formulations.
Environmental Sciences

Environmental Sciences

Journal of Petroleum & Environmental Biotechnology

Author(s): Bach H, Gutnick DL

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Abstract Previous results showed that the cell-surface esterase from Acinetobacter venetianus RAG-1 enhances the emulsification properties of the polymeric bioemulsifier emulsan and its deproteinated derivative apoemulsan (Bach H, Berdichevsky Y, Gutnick D (2003) An exocellular protein from the oil-degrading microbe Acinetobacter venetianus RAG-1 enhances the emulsifying activity of the polymeric bioemulsifier emulsan. Appl Environ Microbiol 69:2608-2615). Here we show that in the presence of the his-tagged recombinant esterase from RAG-1, 18 different polysaccharides from microbial, plant, insect and synthetic sources formed hexadecane-in-water emulsions. Emulsifying activities were distributed over a 13-fold range from over 4800 U/mg protein/mg polysaccharide in the case of apoemulsan to 370 U/mg protein/mg polysaccharide in the case of alginic acid. The stability of the emulsions ranged between 95 and 58\%. Emulsions formed in the presence of seven of the polysaccharides exhibited stabilities of over 80\%. The esterase from A. calcoaceticus BD4, which shows sequence homology to the RAG-1 esterase, was inactive in emulsification enhancement. The sequence of the RAG-1 esterase was shown to contain two conserved peptide sequences previously shown to be implicated in carbohydrate/polysaccharide binding. A hypothetical model illustrating a possible mode of interaction between the esterase, the apoemulsan and the oil droplet is presented. The complex is presumed to generate a series of "coated" oil droplets which are restricted in their ability to coalesce resulting in a relatively stable emulsion. This article was published in Appl Microbiol Biotechnol and referenced in Journal of Petroleum & Environmental Biotechnology

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