Author(s): Van der Mey M, Hatzelmann A, Van der Laan IJ, Sterk GJ, Thibaut U,
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Abstract A number of 6-(3,4-dimethoxyphenyl)-4,5-dihydro-2H-pyridazin-3-ones and a novel series of 4-(3,4-dimethoxyphenyl)-2H-phthalazin-1-ones were prepared and tested on the cGMP-inhibited phosphodiesterase (PDE3) and cAMP-specific phosphodiesterase (PDE4) enzymes. All tested compounds were found to specifically inhibit PDE4 except for pyridazinone 3b, which showed moderate PDE4 (pIC(50) = 6.5) as well as PDE3 (pIC(50) = 6.6) inhibitory activity. In both the pyridazinone and phthlazinone series it was found that N-substitution is beneficial for PDE4 inhibition, whereas in the pyridazinone series it also accounts for PDE4 selectivity. In the phthalazinone series, the cis-4a,5,6,7,8,8a-hexahydrophthalazinones and their corresponding 4a,5,8,8a-tetrahydro analogues showed potent PDE4 inhibitory potency (10/11c,d: pIC(50) = 7.6-8.4). A molecular modeling study revealed that the cis-fused cyclohexa(e)ne rings occupy a region in space different from that occupied by the other fused (un)saturated hydrocarbon rings applied; we therefore assume that the steric interactions of these rings with the binding site play an important role in enzyme inhibition.
This article was published in J Med Chem
and referenced in Organic Chemistry: Current Research