Author(s): Yu L, Hou P, Lv JC, Liu GP, Zhang H
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Abstract Familial renal glucosuria (FRG) is characterized by persistent glucosuria despite normal serum glucose and the absence of overt tubular dysfunction. Variants in solute carrier family 5 (sodium-glucose cotransporter), member 2 (SLC5A2) have been reported in FRG patients. However, the functional and expression-related consequences of such variants have been scarcely investigated. In the current study, we studied five FRG families and identified six missense mutations, including four novel variants (c.1051T>C/.(C351R), c.1400T>C/p.(V467A), c.1420G>C/p.(A474P), c.1691G>A/p.(R564Q); RNA not analyzed) and two variants that had been previously reported (c.294C>A/p.(F98L), c.736C>T/p.(P246S); RNA not analyzed). The probands were either heterozygous or compound heterozygous for SLC5A2 variants and had glucosuria of 5.9\%-19.6 g/day. Human 293 cells were transfected with plasmid constructs to study the expression and function of SLC5A2 variants in vitro. Western blotting revealed that the expression levels of SLC5A2-351R-GFP, SLC5A2-467A-GFP, SLC5A2-474P-GFP, and SLC5A2-564Q-GFP were significantly decreased compared with wild-type SLC5A2-GFP (37\%-55\%). Confocal microscopy revealed that three variants (c.1400T>C, c.1420G>C, c.1691G>A) resulted in a loss of the punctate membrane pattern typical of wild-type SLC5A2. All variants had a significantly lower transport capacity in than the wild-type control. The current study provides a starting point to further investigate the molecular mechanism of SLC5A2 in FRG families and provides functional clues for antidiabetes drugs. © 2014 WILEY PERIODICALS, INC.
This article was published in Hum Mutat
and referenced in Journal of Addiction Research & Therapy