Author(s): Mandell RB, Koukuntla R, Mogler LJ, Carzoli AK, Holbrook MR,
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Abstract Rift Valley fever virus (RVFV) is an arthropod-borne pathogen that often results in severe morbidity and mortality in both humans and livestock. As its geographic range continues to expand, it presents a real threat to naïve populations around the world by accidental introduction (e.g., the result of increased travel) or intentional release (e.g., a bioterror event). While there is a clear need for a safe and efficacious vaccine against this emerging and re-emerging pathogen, no FDA-approved vaccine is currently available. This need was addressed by the establishment of novel mammalian and insect suspension cell line systems for the efficient production of RVF virus-like particle (VLP)-based vaccine candidates. A direct comparison of the production of RVF VLPs in these systems was performed. Optimization and characterization resulted in a production platform suitable for scale-up. Furthermore, RVF VLP-based vaccines were tested in a lethal challenge model and showed full protection, demonstrating that RVF VLPs present promising RVFV vaccine candidates. Copyright © 2010 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
This article was published in J Virol Methods
and referenced in Journal of Bioterrorism & Biodefense