Author(s): Fox J, Lowe SH, Petty BA, Nemeth EF
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Abstract Calcimimetics like N-(3-[2-chlorophenyl]propyl)-(R)-alpha-methyl-3-methoxybenzylamine (NPS R-568) potentiate the effects of extracellular Ca(2+) on parathyroid Ca(2+) receptors and inhibit parathyroid hormone (PTH) secretion in vitro. When administered by gavage to normal rats in this study, NPS R-568 caused a rapid, dose-dependent (ED(50), 1.1 +/- 0.7 mg/kg) decrease in PTH levels that was paralleled by a subsequent decrease in plasma Ca(2+) (ED(50), 10.4 +/- 3.7 mg/kg). At higher doses (>/=3.3 mg/kg), PTH was reduced to a minimum level within 15 min, the duration of which was dose dependent. With doses of 10 to 100 mg/kg, the hypocalcemia was rapid in onset (<30 min) and, at 33 to 100 mg/kg, persisted for >24 h. Neither the magnitude nor the kinetics of the hypocalcemic response was affected by total nephrectomy, demonstrating that NPS R-568 does not induce hypocalcemia by acting on renal Ca(2+) receptors to increase Ca(2+) excretion. In contrast, parathyroidectomy (intact thyroid) abolished the hypocalcemic response to NPS R-568, regardless of whether the rats were hypocalcemic or rendered acutely normo- or hypercalcemic by calcium infusion before dosing. These data show that the parathyroid Ca(2+) receptor can be selectively activated in vivo with a small organic compound to decrease plasma levels of PTH and Ca(2+) and thus define the mechanism of action of this compound in vivo. Moreover, the data add pharmacological support to the view that the Ca(2+) receptor is the primary molecular entity regulating systemic Ca(2+) homeostasis.
This article was published in J Pharmacol Exp Ther
and referenced in Pharmaceutica Analytica Acta