alexa N-trimethyl chitosan chloride as a potential absorption enhancer across mucosal surfaces: in vitro evaluation in intestinal epithelial cells (Caco-2).
Pharmaceutical Sciences

Pharmaceutical Sciences

Pharmaceutica Analytica Acta

Author(s): Kotz AF, Luessen HL, de Leeuw BJ, de Boer BG, Verhoef JC,

Abstract Share this page

Abstract PURPOSE: Previous studies have established that chitosan hydrochloride and glutamate are potent absorption enhancers for large hydrophilic compounds across mucosal surfaces. However, these compounds lack solubility at neutral pH values. A partially quaternized and well-soluble derivative of chitosan, N-trimethyl chitosan chloride, was synthesized and the effects of this polymer on the transepithelial electrical resistance and permeability of intestinal epithelial cells were investigated in vitro. METHODS: N-trimethyl chitosan chloride was synthesized by reductive methylation and characterized with NMR. The effect of this polymer (1.0-2.5\% w/v) on the transepithelial electrical resistance of intestinal epithelial cells, using Caco-2 cell monolayers, was investigated. Permeation of the hydrophilic model compounds [14C]-mannitol (MW 182.2), FITC-Dextran (MW 4400) and the peptide drug buserelin (MW 1299.5), in the presence of N-trimethyl chitosan chloride (1.5-2.5\% w/v), was followed for 3 hours. The transport process of the fluorescent marker, FITC-Dextran 4400, across the cell monolayers was visualised with confocal laser scanning microscopy. Viability of the cells was checked with the trypan blue exclusion technique. RESULTS: N-trimethyl chitosan chloride was found to be a perfectly water-soluble, partially quaternized (about 12\%) derivative of chitosan. This polymer (1.5-2.5\% w/v) caused a pronounced and immediate reduction (25-85\%) in the transepithelial electrical resistance of Caco-2 cells. Large increases in the transport rate of [14C]-mannitol (32-60 fold), FITC-Dextran 4400 (167-373 fold) and buserelin (28-73 fold) were demonstrated. Confocal laser scanning microscopy confirmed that N-trimethyl chitosan chloride opens the tight junctions of intestinal epithelial cells to allow increased transport of hydrophilic compounds through the paracellular transport pathway. No deleterious effects to the cells could be demonstrated with trypan blue. CONCLUSIONS: The potential use of N-trimethyl chitosan chloride as an absorption enhancer across mucosal surfaces could be an important contribution towards the development of effective delivery systems for hydrophilic drugs.
This article was published in Pharm Res and referenced in Pharmaceutica Analytica Acta

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords