Author(s): Walter IB, Droz B
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Abstract The effects of the thyroid hormones on target cells are mediated through nuclear T3 receptors. In the peripheral nervous system, nuclear T3 receptors were previously detected with the monoclonal antibody 2B3 mAb in all the primary sensory neurons throughout neuronal life and in peripheral glia at the perinatal period only (Eur. J. Neurosci. 5, 319, 1993). To determine whether these nuclear T3 receptors correspond to functional ones able to bind T3, cryostat sections and in vitro cell cultures of dorsal root ganglion (DRG) or sciatic nerve were incubated with 0.1 nM [125I]-labeled T3, either alone to visualize the total T3-binding sites or added with a 10(3) fold excess of unlabeled T3 to estimate the part due to the non-specific T3-binding. After glutaraldehyde fixation, radioautography showed that the specific T3-binding sites were largely prevalent. The T3-binding capacity of peripheral glia in DRG and sciatic nerve was restricted to the perinatal period in vivo and to Schwann cells cultured in vitro. In all the primary sensory neurons, specific T3-binding sites were disclosed in foetal as well as adult rats. The detection of the T3-binding sites in the nucleus indicated that the nuclear T3 receptors are functional. Moreover the concomitant presence of both T3-binding sites and T3 receptors alpha isoforms in the perikaryon of DRG neurons infers that: 1) [125I]-labeled T3 can be retained on the T3-binding 'E' domain of nascent alpha 1 isoform molecules newly-synthesized on the perikaryal ribosomes; 2) the alpha isoforms translocated to the nucleus are modified by posttranslational changes and finally recognized by 2B3 mAb as nuclear T3 receptor. In conclusion, the radioautographic visualization of the T3-binding sites in peripheral neurons and glia confirms that the nuclear T3 receptors are functional and contributes to clarify the discordant intracellular localization provided by the immunocytochemical detection of nuclear T3 receptors and T3 receptor alpha isoforms.
This article was published in J Neuroendocrinol
and referenced in Journal of Sports Medicine & Doping Studies