Author(s): Spencer VA, Samuel SK, Davie JR
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Abstract The nuclear matrix is a dynamic RNA-protein complex that organizes chromatin and regulates nuclear DNA metabolism. Nuclear matrix proteins informative in the diagnosis of cancer have been identified. Here, the nuclear matrix breast cancer proteins (NMBCs) cross-linked to nuclear DNA in situ with cisplatin in human breast cancer cell lines were analyzed by two-dimensional gel electrophoresis. We identified NMBCs that were differentially associated with nuclear DNA of hormone-dependent and -independent breast cancer cell lines. Three DNA cross-linked NMBCs were found to be exclusive to estrogen receptor-positive, hormone-dependent breast cancer cells, whereas two NMBCs were observed only in estrogen receptor-negative, hormone-independent breast cancer cells. Changes in these NMBCs were observed when hormone-dependent breast cancer cells became hormone independent. Furthermore, we show that the intermediate filament protein vimentin is associated with the nuclear DNA of MDA-MB-231 breast cancer cells, an estrogen receptor-negative, hormone-independent breast cancer cell line with high metastatic potential. These nuclear matrix DNA-binding proteins may play important roles in breast tumorigenesis.
This article was published in Cancer Res
and referenced in Journal of Cytology & Histology