Author(s): Wang J, Cai X, Rivas G, Shiraishi H, Dontha N
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Abstract Wide-scale DNA testing requires the development of fast, small, easy-to-use biosensing devices. Various synthetic oligonucleotides and DNA have thus been immobilized onto microfabricated thick-film carbon transducers for performing several new nucleic-acid assay protocols. These include hybridization detection of nucleic acid sequences, determination of small molecules (drugs, pollutants) based on their collection into the dsDNA layer or via monitoring their effect upon the intrinsic DNA oxidation signal, and direct adsorptive stripping measurements of ultratrace levels of nucleic acids. Transduction of these DNA recognition processes is accomplished by a new highly-sensitive constant-current stripping chronopotentiometric operation. Comparison to traditional electrodes indicates that the biosensing performance is not compromised by the use of mass-producible disposable transducers. Such thick-film DNA biosensors have been coupled to a compact, user-friendly, hand-held analyzer. Applicability for the detection of sequences from M. tuberculosis and HIV-1 DNAs is illustrated. Such activity in the author's laboratory, aimed at developing DNA-coated screen-printed electrodes, is reviewed.
This article was published in Biosens Bioelectron
and referenced in Journal of Biosensors & Bioelectronics