alexa Nucleotide bias causes a genomewide bias in the amino acid composition of proteins.
Bioinformatics & Systems Biology

Bioinformatics & Systems Biology

Journal of Proteomics & Bioinformatics

Author(s): Singer GA, Hickey DA

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Abstract We analyzed the nucleotide contents of several completely sequenced genomes, and we show that nucleotide bias can have a dramatic effect on the amino acid composition of the encoded proteins. By surveying the genes in 21 completely sequenced eubacterial and archaeal genomes, along with the entire Saccharomyces cerevisiae genome and two Plasmodium falciparum chromosomes, we show that biased DNA encodes biased proteins on a genomewide scale. The predicted bias affects virtually all genes within the genome, and it could be clearly seen even when we limited the analysis to sets of homologous gene sequences. Parallel patterns of compositional bias were found within the archaea and the eubacteria. We also found a positive correlation between the degree of amino acid bias and the magnitude of protein sequence divergence. We conclude that mutational bias can have a major effect on the molecular evolution of proteins. These results could have important implications for the interpretation of protein-based molecular phylogenies and for the inference of functional protein adaptation from comparative sequence data.
This article was published in Mol Biol Evol and referenced in Journal of Proteomics & Bioinformatics

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