alexa Numerous growth factors, cytokines, and chemokines are secreted by human CD34(+) cells, myeloblasts, erythroblasts, and megakaryoblasts and regulate normal hematopoiesis in an autocrine paracrine manner.
Biomedical Sciences

Biomedical Sciences

Biology and Medicine

Author(s): Majka M, JanowskaWieczorek A, Ratajczak J, Ehrenman K, Pietrzkowski Z,

Abstract Share this page

Abstract The aim of this study was to explore further the hypothesis that early stages of normal human hematopoiesis might be coregulated by autocrine/paracrine regulatory loops and by cross-talk among early hematopoietic cells. Highly purified normal human CD34(+) cells and ex vivo expanded early colony-forming unit-granulocyte-macrophage (CFU-GM)-derived, burst forming unit-erythroid (BFU-E)-derived, and CFU-megakaryocyte (CFU-Meg)-derived cells were phenotyped for messenger RNA expression and protein secretion of various growth factors, cytokines, and chemokines to determine the biological significance of this secretion. Transcripts were found for numerous growth factors (kit ligand [KL], FLT3 ligand, fibroblast growth factor-2 [FGF-2], vascular endothelial growth factor [VEGF], hepatocyte growth factor [HGF], insulinlike growth factor-1 [IGF-1], and thrombopoietin [TPO]); cytokines (tumor necrosis factor-alpha, Fas ligand, interferon alpha, interleukin 1 [IL-1], and IL-16); and chemokines (macrophage inflammatory protein-1alpha [MIP-1alpha], MIP-1beta, regulated upon activation, normal T cell expressed and secreted [RANTES], monocyte chemotactic protein-3 [MCP-3], MCP-4, IL-8, interferon-inducible protein-10, macrophage-derived chemokine [MDC], and platelet factor-4 [PF-4]) to be expressed by CD34(+) cells. More importantly, the regulatory proteins VEGF, HGF, FGF-2, KL, FLT3 ligand, TPO, IL-16, IGF-1, transforming growth factor-beta1 (TGF-beta1), TGF-beta2, RANTES, MIP-1alpha, MIP-1beta, IL-8, and PF-4 were identified in media conditioned by these cells. Moreover, media conditioned by CD34(+) cells were found to inhibit apoptosis and slightly stimulate the proliferation of other freshly isolated CD34(+) cells; chemo-attract CFU-GM- and CFU-Meg-derived cells as well as other CD34(+) cells; and, finally, stimulate the proliferation of human endothelial cells. It was also demonstrated that these various hematopoietic growth factors, cytokines, and chemokines are expressed and secreted by CFU-GM-, CFU-Meg-, and BFU-E-derived cells. It is concluded that normal human CD34(+) cells and hematopoietic precursors secrete numerous regulatory molecules that form the basis of intercellular cross-talk networks and regulate in an autocrine and/or a paracrine manner the various stages of normal human hematopoiesis.
This article was published in Blood and referenced in Biology and Medicine

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

  • International Conference On Chemical Biology
    November 2-3, 2017 Las Vegas, USA
Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords