Author(s): SerraMajem L, Ribas L, Garca A, PrezRodrigo C, Aranceta J
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Abstract OBJECTIVE: To evaluate dietary habits and nutritional status of Spanish school children and adolescents, and their relationship with the Mediterranean Diet. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study by face-to-face interview. SETTING: Free living children and adolescents of all Spanish regions. SUBJECTS: A random sample of 3166 people aged 6-24 y. METHODS: Home interviews conducted by a team of 43 dietitians included 24-h recalls (a second 24-h recall in 25\% of the sample) and a short frequency questionnaire to determine the quality of the Mediterranean Diet (KIDMED). RESULTS: The participation rate was 68\%. In general, the adequacy of the Mediterranean Diet rose with increased mean intakes of the majority of vitamins and minerals and decreased percentages of inadequate intakes (&<2/3 of the RNI) for calcium, magnesium, vitamin B(6) and C in both sexes, and iron and vitamin A only in females. CONCLUSIONS: This study demonstrates that the Mediterranean Diet contributes to nutritional quality, and also shows concomitant risks as the Mediterranean Diet deteriorates.
This article was published in Eur J Clin Nutr
and referenced in Journal of Hypertension: Open Access