alexa Obesity and clotting: Body mass index independently contributes to hypercoagulability after injury.
Diabetes & Endocrinology

Diabetes & Endocrinology

Journal of Obesity & Weight Loss Therapy

Author(s): Kornblith LZ, Howard B, Kunitake R, Redick B, Nelson M,

Abstract Share this page

Abstract BACKGROUND: Although obese patients have high thrombosis rates following injury, the role of obesity in coagulation after trauma remains unknown. We hypothesized that body mass index (BMI) is independently associated with increased measures of hypercoagulability longitudinally after injury. METHODS: Data were prospectively collected for 377 consecutive highest-level trauma activation patients with a BMI of 18.5 kg/m² or greater. Standard coagulation measures, citrated kaolin and functional fibrinogen thromboelastography, as well as clotting factors were measured at 0 hour to 120 hours. BMI categories were defined as normal weight (18.5-24.99 kg/m²), overweight (25-29.99 kg/m²), and obese (≥30 kg/m²). RESULTS: The 377 patients were mostly male (81\%) and had blunt injury (61\%), with a median BMI of 25.8 kg/m². Of the patients, 42\% were normal weight (median BMI, 22.5 kg/m²). There were no differences in age, sex, Injury Severity Score (ISS), or base deficit between groups. There were no differences in admission international normalized ratio/partial thromboplastin time or factors II, V, VII, VIII, and X; antithrombin III; or protein C. However, obese patients had higher admission platelet counts (303 × 10⁹/L vs. 269 × 10⁹/L, p = 0.004), lower D-dimer (1.88 μg/mL vs. 4.00 μg/mL, p = 0.004), and a trend toward higher factor IX (134\% vs. 119\% activity, p = 0.042) compared with normal weight patients. Measured by thromboelastography, clot strength (maximum amplitude) and functional fibrinogen level (FLEV) were also higher on admission for obese patients (maximum amplitude, 65.7 mm vs. 63.4 mm, p = 0.016; FLEV, 407 mg/dL vs. 351 mg/dL, p = 0.008). In multiple linear regression, the relationship of BMI to clot strength, FLEV, and factor IX persisted through 24 hours. Similarly, the relationship of BMI and platelet count persisted through 120 hours (all p < 0.05). In multiple logistic regression, for every 5-kg/m² increase in BMI, there was an 85\% increase in odds of thromboembolic complication (odds ratio, 1.85; 95\% confidence interval, 1.13-3.08; p = 0.017). CONCLUSION: Obese trauma patients are hypercoagulable compared with their similarly injured normal-weight counterparts, which persists longitudinally after injury. The significance of this hypercoagulability requires elucidation for guidance of anticoagulation in this at-risk group. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Prognostic study, level III.
This article was published in J Trauma Acute Care Surg and referenced in Journal of Obesity & Weight Loss Therapy

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

  • 14th Global Obesity Meeting
    Oct 23-24, 2017 Dubai, UAE
  • 16th International Conference and Exhibition on Obesity & Weight Management
    November 13-15, 2017 Atlanta,Georgia, USA

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords