alexa Obesity is a risk factor for fracture in children but is protective against fracture in adults: a paradox.
Diabetes & Endocrinology

Diabetes & Endocrinology

Journal of Obesity & Weight Loss Therapy

Author(s): Dimitri P, Bishop N, Walsh JS, Eastell R

Abstract Share this page

Abstract With the rise in obesity worldwide, an important debate has developed as to whether excess fat has a detrimental or protective effect on skeletal health in children and adults. Obese children appear to be over represented in fracture groups and recent evidence suggests that fat may be detrimental to bone accrual in children, although this effect may be confined to adolescence during rapid skeletal growth. Fat induced alterations in hormonal factors and cytokines during growth may play a pivotal role in disturbing bone accrual. In contrast, the widely accepted opinion is that fat appears to be protective of bone in adults and minimises bone loss in postmenopausal women. Recent evidence suggests that in adults, site specific fat depots may exert differing effects on bone (with visceral fat acting as a pathogenic fat depot and subcutaneous fat exerting protective effects), and that the effects of fat mass on bone and fracture risk may vary by skeletal site; obesity protects against hip and vertebral fractures but is a risk factor for fractures of the humerus and ankle. The incidence of fracture during adolescence is rising and osteoporosis remains a considerable health burden in older adults. Understanding the effects of fat mass on bone during growth and early adulthood is vital in informing future health strategies and pharmacotherapies to optimise peak bone mass and prevent fracture. Copyright © 2011 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved. This article was published in Bone and referenced in Journal of Obesity & Weight Loss Therapy

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

  • 13th World Congress on Obesity
    Aug 24-25, 2017, Toronto, Canada
  • 13th Euro Obesity and Endocrinology Congress
    Sep 21-23, 2017, Madrid, Spain

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords