Author(s): Hart CL, Batty GD, Morrison DS, Mitchell RJ, Smith GD
Abstract Share this page
Abstract OBJECTIVES: To analyse the relationship between body mass index (BMI) and liver disease in men and women. DESIGN: The Midspan prospective cohort studies. PARTICIPANTS: The three studies were: Main study, screened in 1965-1968, workplaces across Scotland, the general population of the island of Tiree and mainland relatives; Collaborative study, conducted from 1970 to 1973, 27 workplaces in Glasgow, Clydebank and Grangemouth; Renfrew/Paisley general population study, screened in 1972-1976. After exclusions there were 16 522 men and 10 216 women, grouped by BMI into under/normal weight (< 25 kg m(-2)), overweight (25 to < 30 kg m(-2)) and obese (>or=30 kg m(-2)). MEASUREMENTS: Relative rates (RRs) of liver disease mortality, subdivided into liver cancer and all other liver disease, by BMI category and per s.d. increase in BMI, followed-up to end 2007. RRs of liver disease from any diagnosis on the death certificate, hospital discharge records or cancer registrations (Collaborative and Renfrew/Paisley studies only 13 027 men and 9328 women). Analyses adjusted for age and study, then other confounders. RESULTS: In total, 146 men (0.9\%) and 61 women (0.6\%) died of liver disease as main cause. There were strong associations of BMI with liver disease mortality in men (RR per s.d. increase in BMI=1.41 (95\% confidence interval 1.21-1.65)). Obese men had more than three times the rate of liver disease mortality than under/normal weight men. Adjustment for other risk factors had very little effect. No substantial or robust associations were observed in women. In all, 325 men (2.5\%) and 155 women (1.7\%) had liver disease established from any source. Similar positive associations were observed for men, and there was evidence of a relationship in women. CONCLUSIONS: BMI is related to liver disease, although not to liver disease mortality in women. The current rise in overweight and obesity may lead to a continuing epidemic of liver disease.
This article was published in Int J Obes (Lond)
and referenced in Journal of Obesity & Weight Loss Therapy