alexa Observation of daunomycin and nogalamycin complexes with duplex DNA using electrospray ionisation mass spectrometry.
Chemistry

Chemistry

Medicinal Chemistry

Author(s): Kapur A, Beck JL, Sheil MM

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Abstract The noncovalent binding of the antitumour drugs daunomycin and nogalamycin to duplex DNA has been studied using electrospray ionisation mass spectrometry (ESI-MS). The conditions for the preparation of drug/duplex DNA complexes and for their detection by ESI-MS have been optimised. Ions corresponding to these complexes were most abundant relative to free DNA when prepared in the pH range 8-9, and using gentle ESI interface conditions. Self-complementary oligonucleotides, 5'-d(GGCTAGCC)-3' or 5'-d(CGGCGCCG)-3', annealed in the presence of a 5-fold molar excess of either nogalamycin or daunomycin gave ESI mass spectra in which the most intense ions corresponded to three molecules of drug bound to duplex DNA, with some evidence for four drug molecules bound. For binding to 5'-d(TGAGCTAGCTCA)(2)-3', complexes containing up to four nogalamycin and six daunomycin molecules were observed. These data are consistent with the neighbour exclusion principle whereby intercalation occurs between every other base pair such that up to four bound drugs would be expected for the 8 mers and up to six for the 12 mer. Competition experiments involving a single drug in an equimolar mixture of two oligonucleotides (5'-d(TGAGCTAGCTCA)(2)-3' with either 5'-d(CGGCGCCG)(2)-3' or 5'-d(GGCTAGCC)(2)-3') showed ions arising from complexes of drug/5'-d(CGGCGCCG)(2)-3' were more intense than complexes of drug/5'-d(GGCTAGCC)(2)-3', relative to those from the 12 mer in each mixture. While this suggests ESI-MS has the potential to detect differences in sequence selectivity, more detailed experiments involving a comparison of the relative ionisation efficiency of different oligonucleotides and a wider range of intercalators are required to establish this definitively. ESI mass spectra from experiments in which both drugs were reacted with the same oligonucleotide were more complex, such that a clear preference for one drug could not be established. Copyright 1999 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. This article was published in Rapid Commun Mass Spectrom and referenced in Medicinal Chemistry

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