Author(s): Snow WF, Wacher TJ, Rawlings P
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Abstract The prevalence of trypanosome infections in Djallonké sheep and West African Dwarf goats at different sites in The Gambia showed a significant, positive correlation with contemporary assessments of tsetse challenge. A similar correlation was observed in village N'Dama cattle which showed comparable prevalence values in the same areas. Trypanosome prevalences also tended to be higher in horses and donkeys in areas with high tsetse challenge compared with sites with relatively few flies. A ranking of the numbers of tsetse blood-meals from cattle, small ruminants and equines (1:0.06: > 0.03) corresponded with the estimated biomass of these livestock groups (1:0.09:0.05). Observations on the grazing ranges of livestock showed that, while cattle foraged widely into tsetse-infested habitat, sheep, goats and donkeys remained closer to the villages. This difference indicated that, under the management system practised in The Gambia, small ruminants and equines were probably exposed to a lower level of tsetse attack than cattle.
This article was published in Vet Parasitol
and referenced in Journal of Veterinary Science & Technology