Author(s): AlSuleiman SA, AlJama FE, Rahman J, Rahman MS
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Abstract The incidence of multiple pregnancies with more than two fetuses has significantly increased since the introduction of ovulation agents and assisted reproductive technologies. Over a 15-year period there were 35 triplet pregnancies beyond 24 weeks that delivered at the King Fahad Hospital, an incidence of 1 in 1,099 deliveries. Early diagnosis is important for improving the rate of fetal salvage in triplet pregnancy. These pregnancies were managed on an outpatient basis. Prophylactic interventions were not utilised. A total of 91\% of the pregnancies had at least one antenatal complication, pre-term labour being the most common (80\%) followed by anaemia (43\%). The average gestational age at delivery was 31.7 weeks (SD 4.2 weeks). A total of 94.3\% of the patients were delivered by lower segment caesarean section. The mean birth weight of the neonates was 1,552 g (SD 510 g) and mean 5-min Apgar score was 7.6 (SD 0.8). The corrected perinatal mortality rate in the study was 152/1,000. Pregnancy outcome did not vary with birth order or mode of conception. Higher rate of pre-term births among triplet pregnancies make considerable demands on the neonatal intensive care unit. All methods of assisted reproduction should aim at prevention of multifetal pregnancies.
This article was published in J Obstet Gynaecol
and referenced in Journal of Neonatal Biology