Author(s): Kirschner CV, Yost KJ, Du H, Karshima JA, Arrowsmith SD, , Kirschner CV, Yost KJ, Du H, Karshima JA, Arrowsmith SD,
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Abstract INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: The objectives of this study are to analyze the surgical outcomes of women undergoing obstetric fistula repair operations at the ECWA Evangel VVF Center, Jos, Nigeria, and to identify factors associated with postoperative urinary continence. METHODS: Sociodemographic and clinical data were abstracted retrospectively from the Center's database for patients who underwent vesicovaginal fistula (VVF) repair operations. These data were compared with clinical outcome ("wet" or "dry") at the time of hospital discharge. RESULTS: From August 1998 to April 2004, 1,084 fistula repair operations were performed on 926 patients. A vaginal approach was used in 90.1\% of cases, and postsurgical continence was achieved in 70.5\% of patients. Continence was more likely in patients with an intact urethra, an upper or midvaginal fistula, and less fibrosis than in those patients who remained wet. CONCLUSIONS: Two thirds of patients with obstetric fistulas can be cured, with complete restoration of continence and low surgical morbidity, using a transvaginal surgical approach.
This article was published in Int Urogynecol J
and referenced in Tropical Medicine & Surgery