alexa Occupational and non-occupational factors associated with work-related injuries among construction workers in the United States


Occupational Medicine & Health Affairs

Author(s): Xiuwen Sue Dong, Xuanwen Wang, Julie A Largay

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Background: Many factors contribute to occupational injuries. However, these factors have been compartmentalized and isolated in most studies.

Objective: To examine the relationship between work-related injuries and multiple occupational and non-occupational factors among construction workers in the USA.

Methods: Data from the 1988–2000 National Longitudinal Survey of Youth, 1979 cohort (N = 12,686) were analyzed. Job exposures and health behaviors were examined and used as independent variables in four multivariate logistic regression models to identify associations with occupational injuries.

Results: After controlling for demographic variables, occupational injuries were 18% (95% CI: 1.04–1.34) more likely in construction than in non-construction. Blue-collar occupations, job physical efforts, multiple jobs, and long working hours accounted for the escalated risk in construction. Smoking, obesity/overweight, and cocaine use significantly increased the risk of work-related injury when demographics and occupational factors were held constant.

Conclusions: Workplace injuries are better explained by simultaneously examining occupational and non-occupational characteristics.

This article was published in International Journal of Occupational and Environmental Health and referenced in Occupational Medicine & Health Affairs

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