Author(s): Garnis C, Campbell J, Zhang L, Rosin MP, Lam WL
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Abstract Genetic alterations have been recognized as important events in the carcinogenesis of oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) and have been used as predictors of progression risk. In this study, we have designed an oral cancer-specific human bacterial artificial chromosome (BAC) array, called the oral cancer genomic regional array (OCGR), to detect and fine map copy number alterations in OSCC. This array contains a total of approximately 45 Mbp coverage of nine chromosomal regions reported to be involved in the progression of oral cancer. We demonstrate the detection of copy number alterations in 14 microdissected clinical specimens in each of the nine regions. These include both copy number increases and decreases. Although the number of regions selected for this first generation array is small, we observed multiple segmental changes. In some cases, we observed single BAC clone alterations at 7p11 and 11q13 which contain EGFR and cyclin D1 respectively highlighting the need for high resolution detection techniques. Array comparative genomic hybridization (CGH) complements traditional methods for detecting genetic alterations in OSCC (such as microsatellite and CGH analysis) by improving the detection of segmental copy number alterations to single BAC clone resolution. This work represents the first attempt at the construction of an oral cancer-specific CGH array.
This article was published in Oral Oncol
and referenced in Journal of Clinical & Experimental Pathology