Author(s): Biswas J, Kumar AA, George AE, Madhavan HN, Kumarasamy N,
Abstract Share this page
Abstract The spectrum of ocular lesions in children with HIV infection is different from that seen in adults. Ocular lesions in pediatric AIDS patients have not been studied in India. We analyzed the clinical profile, demographic characteristics, ocular and systemic lesions in children with AIDS seen in a referral eye institute in India. The clinical profile and demographic features were studied and complete ocular examination was done. Systemic findings were evaluated at an AIDS care center and recorded in a precoded proforma. Out of the 218 cases of HIV infection seen at our hospital between December 1993 and October 1999, 12 (5.50\%) were below 15 years of age. Seven (58.33\%) were males and 5 (41.66\%) were females with the mean age of 6.5 years and median age of 6.2 years. Vertical transmission was the most common mode of infection (58.33\%). Seven (58.33\%) of these patients had systemic infection, the most common being pulmonary tuberculosis (42.85\%). Ocular lesions were found in 6 (50\%) patients. The most common ocular lesions were anterior uveitis and cytomegalovirus retinitis (CMV) (33\%) followed by retinal detachment (16.66\%) and vitreous hemorrhage (16.66\%). High prevalence of ocular lesions in pediatric AIDS patients in India in a referral eye centre was observed. The most common lesions were anterior uveitis followed by CMV retinitis. The management in such cases was often challenging in a developing country like India.
This article was published in Indian J Pediatr
and referenced in Journal of AIDS & Clinical Research