alexa Ocular hypotensive activity of the adenosine agonist (R)-phenylisopropyladenosine in rabbits.
Pharmaceutical Sciences

Pharmaceutical Sciences

Pharmaceutica Analytica Acta

Author(s): Crosson CE

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Abstract Adenosine A1 agonists have been shown to induce a variety of pharmacological effects. In New Zealand White rabbits, the topical administration of 500 micrograms of the relatively selective adenosine A1 receptor agonist R(-) phenylisopropyladenosine (R-PIA) produced a biphasic response in IOP in the ipsilateral eye: an initial ocular hypertension (3.5 +/- 1.4 mm of Hg) at 0.5 hour, followed by significant reduction in IOP (5 to 8 mm of Hg) from 2 to 6 hours postadministration. The IOP response to 50 and 165 micrograms of R-PIA demonstrated that the ocular hypotensive response to R-PIA was dose-related; however, no initial hypertension was observed at these lower doses. The ocular response to R-PIA was primarily unilateral with only a small reduction in contralateral IOP at 1 hour observed in animals treated with 500 micrograms. No significant change in pupil diameter was observed with any dose of R-PIA. Pretreatment with the adenosine antagonist CPT (10 mg/kg; i.p.) significantly inhibited the ocular hypotensive response to R-PIA. However, pretreatment with the cyclooxygenase inhibitor indomethacin (50 mg/kg; i.p.) did not alter the change in IOP induced by R-PIA. The administration of R-PIA once a day for five days demonstrated that tolerance does not develop in rabbits with repeated administration. These data demonstrate that the adenosine A1 agonist R-PIA can lower IOP. The unilateral nature and the inhibition by CPT supports the idea that this response is mediated by adenosine receptors located in the eye.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
This article was published in Curr Eye Res and referenced in Pharmaceutica Analytica Acta

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