Author(s): Morier AM, Minteer J, Tyszko R, McCann R, Clarke MV,
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Abstract BACKGROUND: Fabry disease is an X-linked lysosomal storage disorder that causes progressive complications within the kidneys, brain, and heart. Ocular manifestations of this disease are often present at a very young age, thereby facilitating early diagnosis, before the signs and symptoms of renal disease, stroke, or hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. Early diagnosis by the eye care provider may eventually reduce the morbidity and mortality of this disease through the institution of therapy before the development of sclerotic end organ damage. This study evaluated 23 Fabry-affected members of a single cohort for the presence of ocular signs of Fabry disease. METHODS: Twenty-three patients of a single family were seen on a single day. Patients were given comprehensive ophthalmic examinations and completed a health and lifestyle questionnaire. RESULTS: Eight hemizygous men (mean age, 32.3 years) and 15 heterozygous women (mean age, 26.9 years) from a single family of 43 known Fabry patients were evaluated. Corneal verticillata was present in all patients. Additional findings in the male patients included anterior capsule opacity (25\% total) and Fabry cataract (12.5\%). Thinning of the retinal nerve fiber layer was observed in one man whose medical history was significant for stroke. Conjunctival and/or retinal vessel tortuosity was present in the majority of patients (62.5\% and 75\% of hemizygotes, respectively; 40\% and 13.3\% heterozygotes, respectively). Additional findings in the women included anterior capsule opacity. The majority of patients (87.5\% hemizygotes, 60\% heterozygotes) felt Fabry disease had an impact on their quality of life. CONCLUSIONS: All evaluated patients who had Fabry disease had corneal verticillata, which generally does not affect vision and is readily recognizable by slit lamp examination. Greater than 60\% showed conjunctival and/or retinal vessel tortuosity. The eye care provider can play a crucial role in the early recognition of ocular manifestations of Fabry disease and decrease both the time to accurate diagnosis and the delay in the institution of disease-modifying therapy. Copyright 2010 American Optometric Association. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
This article was published in Optometry
and referenced in Journal of Clinical & Experimental Ophthalmology