alexa Ocular manifestations of systemic lupus erythematosus: a review of the literature.
Cardiology

Cardiology

Journal of Vasculitis

Author(s): Palejwala NV, Walia HS, Yeh S

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Abstract About one-third of patients suffering from systemic lupus erythematosus have ocular manifestations. The most common manifestation is keratoconjunctivitis sicca. The most vision threatening are retinal vasculitis and optic neuritis/neuropathy. Prompt diagnosis and treatment of eye disease is paramount as they are often associated with high levels of systemic inflammation and end-organ damage. Initial management with high-dose oral or IV corticosteroids is often necessary. Multiple "steroid-sparing" treatment options exist with the most recently studied being biologic agents.
This article was published in Autoimmune Dis and referenced in Journal of Vasculitis

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