alexa Ocular syphilis: the new epidemic.


Journal of Vasculitis

Author(s): Doris JP, Saha K, Jones NP, Sukthankar A

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Abstract AIM: To present the clinical presentation, diagnosis, and management of syphilitic uveitis in the context of an epidemic of syphilis in the UK. METHOD: Retrospective clinical case series. RESULTS: Six new cases of syphilitic uveitis presented to the Manchester Uveitis Clinic in 2004, after a 15-fold increase in the incidence of syphilis in the UK, including 615 cases in Greater Manchester in the 5 years to 2004. Four cases had secondary syphilis, two had latent disease, two had no rash, and two were HIV positive. Ocular involvement included anterior or panuveitis, retinitis, retinal vasculitis, and papillitis. All resolved on treatment including intramuscular procaine penicillin G with oral probenecid. CONCLUSIONS: Syphilis is much more common recently and syphilitic uveitis should be considered in all patients with rash and/or headache, where there is retinitis and/or retinal vasculitis, or in any uveitis of uncertain origin. Treatment is that of neurosyphilis. This article was published in Eye (Lond) and referenced in Journal of Vasculitis

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