alexa Odorant receptor expression in the mouse cerebral cortex.
Pharmaceutical Sciences

Pharmaceutical Sciences

Journal of Pharmacogenomics & Pharmacoproteomics

Author(s): Otaki JM, Yamamoto H, Firestein S

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Abstract Mammalian odorant receptors have been known to be involved not only in odorant detection but also in neuronal development of olfactory sensory neurons. We have examined a possibility of odorant receptor expression in nonolfactory neurons in the mouse. Mouse odorant receptors (M71, C6, and OR3), two of which were already shown to be functionally activated by odorants in heterologous systems, were detected by polymerase chain reactions (PCRs) from the cerebral cortex but not from other brain tissues. Degenerate PCR further suggested that other odorant receptors were also expressed in the mouse cerebral cortex. One of these receptors showed high sequence-match with a putative chick odorant receptor OR7 transiently expressed in the notochord during development. In situ hybridization detected signals for M71 and C6 receptors in the layer II cortical pyramidal neurons located in the occipital pole. In the M71-IRES-tauLacZ mouse, in which M71 expression was genetically marked with tauLacZ, X-gal staining signals were mostly localized in the layer II neurons in the occipital pole, being consistent with the in situ hybridization result. Fluorescent immunohistochemistry using anti-beta-galactosidase antibody further detected the tauLacZ signals in the same cells. X-gal staining began at P3, peaked at P8, and continued to adults, although signals gradually decreased. These data showed that at least a few odorant receptors are expressed not only in olfactory sensory neurons but also in pyramidal neurons in the cerebral cortex, possibly playing an important role either in chemical detection of exogenous or endogenous ligands or in a developmental process such as axon guidance and target recognition. Copyright 2003 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Neurobiol 58:315-327, 2004 This article was published in J Neurobiol and referenced in Journal of Pharmacogenomics & Pharmacoproteomics

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