alexa Off-line HPLC method combined to LC-MS for the determination of sildenafil and its active metabolite in post-mortem human blood according to confirmation criteria.
Pharmaceutical Sciences

Pharmaceutical Sciences

Pharmaceutica Analytica Acta

Author(s): Pistos C, Papoutsis I, Dona A, Stefanidou M, Athanaselis S,

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Abstract A simple HPLC method has been validated for the determination of sildenafil and its active metabolite (N-desmethylsildenafil) in human blood, using an octadecyl silica (ODS) hypersil column. The chromatographic run time is less than 25 min using a mobile phase of 35:65 (v/v) acetonitrile-0.015 M disodium hydrogen phosphate (Na(2)HPO(4)), triethylamine 0.1\%, pH 7.4 at 1 mL/min flow rate and UV-vis detection at 230 nm. The method is linear in the concentration range of 10-500 ng/mL (r>0.999, n=5) for each analyte, with relative standard deviation (R.S.D.) less than 5.05\%. Interday and intraday errors were found to be < or =11.94\%. The limits of detection and quantitation for both analytes were 5.0 ng/mL (s/n>3) and 10.0ng/mL (s/n>10), respectively. The method was applied in two post-mortem human blood samples, concerning two fatal cases from sildenafil citrate use, reported for the first time in Greece, and the results were further confirmed with LC-MS. The method is proposed as supplementary to LC-MS when inadequate mass fragmentation does not provide information appropriate to meet confirmation criteria. This article was published in Forensic Sci Int and referenced in Pharmaceutica Analytica Acta

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