Author(s): Sadeghi H, Birnbaumer M
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Abstract The human V2 vasopressin receptor contains one consensus site for N-linked glycosylation at asparagine 22 in the predicted extracellular amino terminal segment of the protein. This segment also contains clusters of serines and threonines that are potential sites for O-glycosylation. Mutagenesis of asparagine 22 to glutamine abolished N-linked glycosylation of the V2 receptor (N22Q-V2R), without altering its function or level of expression. The N22Q-V2R expressed in transfected cells migrated in denaturing acrylamide gels as two protein bands with a difference of 7000 Da. Protein labeling experiments demonstrated that the faster band could be chase to the slower one suggesting the presence of O-linked sugars. Sialidase treatment of membranes from cells expressing the N22Q-V2R or of immunoprecipitated metabolically labeled V2R accelerated the migration of the protein in acrylamide gels demonstrating the existence of O-glycosylation, the first time this type of glycosylation has been found in a G protein coupled receptor. Synthesis of metabolically labeled receptor in the presence of 1 mM phenyl-N-acetyl-alpha-D-galactosaminide, a competitive inhibitor of N-acetyl-alpha-D-galactose and N-acetylneuraminic acid transferases, also produced a receptor that migrated faster in denaturing gels. Serines and threonines present in the amino terminus were analyzed by alanine scanning mutagenesis to identify the acceptor sites. O-glycosylation was found at most serines and threonines present in the amino terminus. Because the disappearance of a site opened the availability of others to the transferases, the exact identification of the acceptor sites was not feasible. The wild type V2R expressed in HEK 293, COS, or MDCK cells underwent N- and O-linked glycosylation. The mutant V2R bearing all serine/threonine substitutions by alanine at the amino terminus yielded a receptor functionally indistinguishable from the wild type protein, whose mobility in polyacrylamide gels was no longer affected by sialidase treatment.
This article was published in Glycobiology
and referenced in Journal of Clinical & Experimental Pharmacology