Author(s): Giessing M, Budde K, Fritsche L, Slowinski T, Tuerk I,
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Abstract OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the surgical findings and outcome of locally allocated, blood-group-compatible but HLA-unmatched cadaveric kidneys in first renal transplantation of donor/recipient pairs aged 65 years and above (Eurotransplant Senior Program=ESP). METHODS: 26 patients of the study group (donor age 70.4 +/- 3.6/recipient age 67.7 +/- 2.8) were compared to 30 controls aged 60 and above (mean recipient age 62.6 +/- 2.3/mean donor age 43.8 +/- 15.3). For controls kidney allocation included HLA matching. RESULTS: Cold ischemic time (ESP vs. controls 501 vs. 883 min; p<0.05) and mean number of HLA mismatches (4.2 +/- 1.36 vs. 1.6 +/- 1.62; p<0.05) differed significantly. Delayed graft function was lower in the study group (12\% vs. 43\%; p<0.05), rejection episodes in the ESP group were numerous but did not differ significantly from the controls (46\% vs. 30\%; p=0.21). More intraoperative complications and a higher incidence of donor organ arteriosclerosis (p<0.05) were seen in the ESP group. Three-year graft survival uncensored and censored for death with functioning graft did not differ, even though mean creatinine and creatinine clearance differed significantly beginning at month three. Three-year patient survival (55\% vs. 81\%) differed in favour of the control group, even though the difference was not significant due to small number of patients. CONCLUSION: "Old-for-old" kidney transplantation with local allocation yields graft survival rates comparable to HLA-matched young grafts and is a good approach to extend the donor and recipient pool. Careful patient selection is advised.
This article was published in Eur Urol
and referenced in Journal of Gerontology & Geriatric Research