Author(s): Weinstock RS, Wright HN, Smith DU, Weinstock RS, Wright HN, Smith DU
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Abstract Olfactory dysfunction has been reported in individuals with diabetes mellitus, but the etiology is unknown. Diabetes is often complicated by serious medical conditions which could be related to the development of decreased olfactory ability. Overall, our 111 subjects with diabetes showed deficiencies in their ability to identify odorants measured with the Odorant Confusion Matrix (mean = 67.8\% correct). The presence of macrovascular disease was found to be associated with olfactory dysfunction. Glycemic control as well as the type and duration of diabetes were not related to olfactory ability. Also, there was no distinct association with the presence of neuropathy, retinopathy, nephropathy, hypertension, or impotence. Consistent with previous studies utilizing measures of odorant identification, performance decreased with increased age, females were somewhat superior to males, and smoking had a deleterious effect. Other nondiabetes-related medical conditions and medications had no apparent effect on the olfactory ability of our subjects. These results suggest that the sequelae associated with macrovascular disease, such as perhaps, ischemia, to the olfactory area, impact negatively on olfactory ability.
This article was published in Physiol Behav
and referenced in Immunome Research