alexa Oligodendrocytes and the early multiple sclerosis lesion.


Journal of Multiple Sclerosis

Author(s): Prineas JW, Parratt JD

Abstract Share this page

Abstract There is little agreement among neuropathologists regarding the timing and nature of oligodendrocyte loss in multiple sclerosis (MS). This review describes changes that accompany acute oligodendrocyte loss in new lesions. Included is a description of the immunopathology of new lesions in 23 severe early cases selected from a bank of 300 MS autopsies. Oligodendrocytes in prephagocytic lesions exhibit cytopathic changes that include apoptosis of oligodendrocytes immunoreactive for caspase 3, phagocytosis of apoptotic oligodendrocytes, swelling of cells with abnormal nuclei, complement deposition, and lysis. These are nonspecific changes that provide no clue as to the cause of oligodendrocyte injury. Associated changes include the presence of enlarged immunoglobulin (IgG)(+) microglia and early macrophages, the presence nearby of a focus of inflammatory demyelination, an open blood-brain barrier, and the presence of rare CD8 T cells. Myelin contacted by IgG(+) macrophages is immunoreactive for complement but not for IgG. It is likely that macrophage activity in evolving white and gray matter plaques is scavenging activity directed at nonvital myelin secondary to oligodendrocytes loss. One feature of MS that is not understood is the extraordinarily close resemblance the disease shows pathologically to neuromyelitis optica (NMO), including that demyelination in both is secondary to a loss of caspase 3-positive apoptotic oligodendrocytes. These similarities raise the possibility that like NMO, MS is an autoimmune disease in which oligodendrocyte apoptosis is determined by injury to some other glial or mesenchymal component. Copyright © 2012 American Neurological Association. This article was published in Ann Neurol and referenced in Journal of Multiple Sclerosis

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

  • Ildiko Molnar
    The role of tissue-specific type 2 5’-deiodinase enzyme activities in Graves’ orbitopathy and systemic sclerosis: a new candidate in thyroid autoimmunity
    PDF Version
  • Sergey Suchkov
    Translational tools as applicable to autoimmune disorders: antibody-proteases as a generation of highly informative and unique biomarkers to monitor subclinical and clinical stages of demyelination in multiple sclerosis (MS)
    PPT Version | PDF Version
  • Miriam Furst-Yust
    PPT Version | PDF Version
  • Ahmed G Hegazi
    Cytokines pattern of multiple sclerosis patients treated with Apitherapy
    PPT Version | PDF Version

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version