alexa Oligomer-specific Abeta toxicity in cell models is mediated by selective uptake.
Medicine

Medicine

Journal of Gerontology & Geriatric Research

Author(s): Chafekar SM, Baas F, Scheper W

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Abstract Alzheimer's disease (AD) is characterized by the aggregation and subsequent deposition of misfolded beta-amyloid (Abeta) peptide. Previous studies show that aggregated Abeta is more toxic in oligomeric than in fibrillar form, and that each aggregation form activates specific molecular pathways in the cell. We hypothesize that these differences between oligomers and fibrils are related to their different accessibility to the intracellular space. To this end we used fluorescently labelled Abeta1-42 and demonstrate that Abeta1-42 oligomers readily enter both HeLa and differentiated SKNSH cells whereas fibrillar Abeta1-42 is not internalized. Oligomeric Abeta1-42 is internalized by an endocytic process and is transported to the lysosomes. Inhibition of uptake specifically inhibits oligomer but not fibril toxicity. Our study indicates that selective uptake of oligomers is a determinant of oligomer specific Abeta toxicity. This article was published in Biochim Biophys Acta and referenced in Journal of Gerontology & Geriatric Research

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