Author(s): B K Maulood, G C F Hinton, B A Whitton, H A AlSaadi
An account is given of the algal vegetation in the near boat channels in the central area of the lowland Iraqi marshes. Sampling was carried out in February and September. The water here may be characterized as relatively turbid, slightly saline, highly calcareous and probably typically mesotrophic. Diatoms dominated the phytoplankton, many of the species being ones which are at least as characteristic of benthic communities. Periphyton was more conspicuous in February than September, with filamentous green algae especially common in February. Blue-green algae were more common in September; they frequently formed a felt with several different species and irregular deposition of calcite. Heterocystous blue-green algae were frequent in the periphyton but apparently not so in the plankton. A well-developed laminated community of blue-green algae and purple phototrophic bacteria occurred on the wooden hull of a boat.