alexa On the applicability of GPCR homology models to computer-aided drug discovery: a comparison between in silico and crystal structures of the beta2-adrenergic receptor.
Biochemistry

Biochemistry

Biochemistry & Physiology: Open Access

Author(s): Costanzi S

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Abstract The publication of the crystal structure of the beta2-adrenergic receptor (beta2-AR) proved that G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) share a structurally conserved rhodopsin-like 7TM core. Here, to probe to which extent realistic GPCR structures can be recreated through modeling, carazolol was docked at two rhodopsin-based homology models of the human beta 2-AR. The first featured a rhodopsin-like second extracellular loop, which interfered with ligand docking and with the orientation of several residues in the binding pocket. The second featured a second extracellular loop built completely de novo, which afforded a more accurate model of the binding pocket and a better docking of the ligand. Furthermore, incorporating available biochemical and computational data to the model by correcting the conformation of a single residue lining the binding pocket --Phe290(6.52)--, resulted in significantly improved docking poses. These results support the applicability of GPCR modeling to the design of site-directed mutagenesis experiments and to drug discovery.
This article was published in J Med Chem and referenced in Biochemistry & Physiology: Open Access

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