alexa On the implications of interpreting the stability index: a spine example.
General Science

General Science

Journal of Forensic Biomechanics

Author(s): Howarth SJ, Allison AE, Grenier SG, Cholewicki J, McGill SM

Abstract Share this page

Abstract Quantifying the stability of the spinal column offers a perspective on the effectiveness of the motor control strategy to ensure a stable spine--and minimize the risk of injury from experiencing an unstable event. There are essentially three energy based methods of calculating a stability index for the lumbar spine. All three methods involve mathematical manipulation of an 18 x 18 Hessian matrix. The purpose of this paper was to consider the mathematical implications for the three methods of determining a single stability index, and examine the effects of biological factors such as muscle activation in each of these methods. The first approach computes the Hessian's determinant and is thought to represent a more global or "average" perspective on stability. A second approach computes the smallest eigenvalue of the Hessian matrix to determine the weakest link of the spine. The final method determines an average critical stiffness difference for the spine and is intended to effectively determines how far a human spine is from instability, and allows comparison between tasks. This study shows that the same interpretation of stability is achieved via all three computational approaches--they agree as to whether the spine is stable or not. However they appear to differ in their sensitivity to the effect of muscle activation patterns. This article was published in J Biomech and referenced in Journal of Forensic Biomechanics

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Peer Reviewed Journals
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version