alexa On the mechanism of SDS-induced protein denaturation.
Environmental Sciences

Environmental Sciences

Journal of Petroleum & Environmental Biotechnology

Author(s): Bhuyan AK

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Abstract To understand the mechanism of ionic detergent-induced protein denaturation, this study examines the action of sodium dodecyl sulfate on ferrocytochrome c conformation under neutral and strongly alkaline conditions. Equilibrium and stopped-flow kinetic results consistently suggest that tertiary structure unfolding in the submicellar and chain expansion in the micellar range of SDS concentrations are the two major and discrete events in the perturbation of protein structure. The nature of interaction between the detergent and the protein is predominantly hydrophobic in the submicellar and exclusively hydrophobic at micellar levels of SDS concentration. The observation that SDS also interacts with a highly denatured and negatively charged form of ferrocytochrome c suggests that the interaction is independent of structure, conformation, and ionization state of the protein. The expansion of the protein chain at micellar concentration of SDS is driven by coulombic repulsion between the protein-bound micelles, and the micelles and anionic amino acid side chains. Copyright 2009 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. This article was published in Biopolymers and referenced in Journal of Petroleum & Environmental Biotechnology

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