alexa On the stability of ascorbic acid in emulsified systems for topical and cosmetic use.
Pharmaceutical Sciences

Pharmaceutical Sciences

Journal of Bioequivalence & Bioavailability

Author(s): Gallarate M, Carlotti ME, Trotta M, Bovo S

Abstract Share this page

Abstract Several O/W microemulsions, O/W and W/O emulsions and a W/O/W multiple emulsion were prepared using non-ionic, non-ethoxylated, skin compatible emulsifiers. Ascorbic acid (vitamin C) was added to the emulsified systems and its stability against oxidation was studied at 45.0 degrees C in aerobic conditions and compared with that in aqueous solutions at different pH values. All emulsified systems provided protection to ascorbic acid, as its degradation rate, which increased with increasing pH, was slower in emulsified systems than in aqueous solutions. The highest protection of ascorbic acid was when it was dissolved in the inner aqueous phase of the W/O/W multiple emulsion, both at 45 and at 20 degrees C for long storage. A pseudo first-order mechanism was hypothesised for ascorbic acid degradation in the experimental conditions for as long as abundant dissolved oxygen was present.
This article was published in Int J Pharm and referenced in Journal of Bioequivalence & Bioavailability

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version