alexa Oocyte karyotyping by comparative genomic hybridization [correction of hybrydization] provides a highly reliable method for selecting "competent" embryos, markedly improving in vitro fertilization outcome: a multiphase study.
Reproductive Medicine

Reproductive Medicine

Journal of Fertilization: In Vitro - IVF-Worldwide, Reproductive Medicine, Genetics & Stem Cell Biology

Author(s): Sher G, Keskintepe L, Keskintepe M, Ginsburg M, Maassarani G

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OBJECTIVE: To assess the karyotypic relationship between prefertilized/postfertilized oocytes and embryos using comparative genomic hybridization (CGH) on polar body-1 (PB-1), PB2, and blastomere biopsies and to evaluate IVF outcomes after transfer of blastocysts derived from euploid oocytes. DESIGN: Prospective cohort. SETTING: Medical center. PATIENT(S): Phase1: Fourteen oocyte donors (23-29 years). Phase 2: Forty-one healthy embryo recipients aged 29-43 years free of endometrial implantation dysfunction. In 30 cases own eggs were used. Eleven women used donated oocytes. INTERVENTION(S): Phase 1: PB-1 biopsies followed intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI), PB-2, and day 3 blastomere biopsies. Phase 2: PB-1 biopsy followed by ICSI using normal sperm and the subsequent embryo transfer of < or =2 blastocysts derived from euploid oocytes. Comparative genomic hybridization on all DNA derived from phase 1 and 2 biopsies. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE(S): Pregnancy and implantation rate. RESULT(S): Phase 1: 39% of oocytes and 88% of zygotes were euploid; >95% progressed to blastocysts. Mosaicism as evidenced by euploid oocytes developing into aneuploid zygotes or embryos occurred in 13% of concepti. Phase 2: Six of 30 women using own eggs, who failed to produce euploid oocytes, were cancelled. Thirty-five women underwent embryo transfers with < or =2 (mean, 1.3 +/- 0.7) blastocysts derived from euploid oocytes. The ongoing pregnancy/implantation rates per embryo transfer were 74% and 82%, respectively. CONCLUSION(S): Transferring euploid embryos markedly improved IVF outcome. These findings, if corroborated, could initiate a paradigm shift in assisted reproductive technology (ART).

This article was published in Fertil Steril and referenced in Journal of Fertilization: In Vitro - IVF-Worldwide, Reproductive Medicine, Genetics & Stem Cell Biology

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