Author(s): Fica G, Cordova M, Guzman L, Schweitzer D
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Abstract Between 1982 and 1995, 84 patients with displaced acetabular fractures underwent open reduction and internal fixation in our institution. The mean follow-up was 5.5 years with a minimum of 2 years. There were 33 simple and 51 complex fractures according to the classification of Judet and Letournels. Reduction after operation was anatomical in 49\% of the patients, satisfactory in 24\%, and unsatisfactory in 27\%. Using Merle d'Aubigné's scale, the clinical results were excellent in 39\% of the patients, good in 29\%, fair in 8\%, and poor in 24\%. Factors of statistical significance associated with a poor clinical outcome were T-shaped fractures, unsatisfactory reduction (> 3 mm residual displacement), age > 40 years and development of avascular necrosis. Acetabular surgery is demanding, and a high rate of complications can be expected. Trauma centres should designate a group of surgeons who will consistently treat these fractures in order to obtain more experience and better results.
This article was published in Int Orthop
and referenced in Journal of Trauma & Treatment