alexa Opiorphin highly improves the specific binding and affinity of MERF and MEGY to rat brain opioid receptors.
Biochemistry

Biochemistry

Biochemistry & Analytical Biochemistry

Author(s): Tth F, Tth G, Benyhe S, Rougeot C, Wollemann M

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Abstract Endogenously occurring opioid peptides are rapidly metabolized by different ectopeptidases. Human opiorphin is a recently discovered natural inhibitor of the enkephalin-inactivating neutral endopeptidase (NEP) and aminopeptidase-N (AP-N) (Wisner et al., 2006). To date, in vitro receptor binding experiments must be performed either in the presence of a mixture of peptidase inhibitors and/or at low temperatures, to block peptidase activity. Here we demonstrate that, compared to classic inhibitor cocktails, opiorphin dramatically increases the binding of [(3)H]MERF and [(3)H]MEGY ligands to rat brain membrane preparations. We found that at 0 °C the increase in specific binding is as high as 40-60\% and at 24 °C this rise was even higher. In contrast, the binding of the control [(3)H]endomorphin-1, which is relatively slowly degraded in rat brain membrane preparations, was not enhanced by opiorphin compared to other inhibitors. In addition, in homologous binding displacement experiments, the IC(50) affinity values measured at 24 °C were also significantly improved using opiorphin compared to the inhibitor cocktail. In heterologous binding experiments the differences were less obvious, but still pronounced using [(3)H]MERF and MEGY compared to dynorphin(1-11), or naloxone and DAGO competitor ligands. Copyright © 2012 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. This article was published in Regul Pept and referenced in Biochemistry & Analytical Biochemistry

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