Author(s): Alemu A, Shiferaw Y, Getnet G, Yalew A, Addis Z
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Abstract OBJECTIVE: To determine the magnitude of opportunistic and non-opportunistic intestinal parasitic infections among HIV/AIDS patients in Bahir Dar. METHODS: Cross-sectional study was conducted among HIV/AIDS patients attending Gambi higher clinic from April1-May 30, 2009. Convenient sampling technique was employed to identify the study subjects and hence a total of 248 subjects were included. A pre-tested structured questionnaire was used to collect socio-demographic data of patients. Stool samples were examined by direct saline, iodine wet mount, formol-ether sedimentation concentration and modified Ziehl-Neelsen staining technique. RESULTS: Out of 248 enrolled in the study, 171(69.0\%) (90 males and 81 females) were infected with one or more intestinal parasites. The highest rate of intestinal parasites were observed among HIV/AIDS patients (80.3\%, 151/188), and the infection rate of HIV negative individuals was 33.3\% (20/60). Cryptosporidum parvum (43.6\%), Isospora belli (15.5\%) and Blastocystis hominis (10.5\%) were opportunistic parasites that were found only in HIV/AIDS patients. CONCLUSIONS: Opportunistic parasite infections are common health problem among HIV/AIDS patients in the study area. Therefore, early detection and treatment of these parasites are important to improve the quality of life of HIV/AIDS patients. Copyright © 2011 Hainan Medical College. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
This article was published in Asian Pac J Trop Med
and referenced in Journal of Antivirals & Antiretrovirals