alexa Optimization of coagulation-flocculation process for pulp and paper mill effluent by response surface methodological analysis.
Environmental Sciences

Environmental Sciences

Hydrology: Current Research

Author(s): Ahmad AL, Wong SS, Teng TT, Zuhairi A

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Abstract Coagulation-flocculation is a proven technique for the treatment of high suspended solids wastewater. In this study, the central composite face-centered design (CCFD) and response surface methodology (RSM) have been applied to optimize two most important operating variables: coagulant dosage and pH, in the coagulation-flocculation process of pulp and paper mill wastewater treatment. The treated wastewater with high total suspended solids (TSS) removal, low SVI (sludge volume index) and high water recovery are the main objectives to be achieved through the coagulation-flocculation process. The effect of interactions between coagulant dosage and pH on the TSS removal and SVI are significant, whereas there is no interaction between coagulant dosage and water recovery. Quadratic models have been developed for the response variables, i.e. TSS removal, SVI and water recovery based on the high coefficient of determination (R(2)) value of >0.99 obtained from the analysis of variances (ANOVA). The optimum conditions for coagulant dosage and pH are 1045mgL(-1) and 6.75, respectively, where 99\% of TSS removal, SVI of 37mLg(-1) and 82\% of water recovery can be obtained. This article was published in J Hazard Mater and referenced in Hydrology: Current Research

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