Author(s): Medeiros AB, Pandey A, Freitas RJ, Christen P, Soccol CR
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Abstract Studies were carried out for the production of aroma compounds in solid-state fermentation using factorial design and response surface methodology (RSM) experiments. Five agro-industrial residues were evaluated as substrate for cultivating a strain of Kluyveromyces marxianus. The results proved the feasibility of using cassava bagasse and giant palm bran (Opuntia ficus indica) as substrates to produce fruity aroma compounds by the yeast culture. In order to test the influence of the process parameters on the culture to produce volatile compounds, two statistical experimental designs were performed. The parameters studied were initial substrate pH, addition of glucose, cultivation temperature, initial substrate moisture and inoculum size. Using a 2(5) factorial design, addition of glucose and initial pH of the substrate was found statistically significant for aroma compounds production on palm bran. Although this experimental design showed that addition of glucose did not have a significant role with cassava bagasse, 2(2) factorial design revealed that glucose addition was significant at higher concentrations. Head-space analysis of the culture by gas chromatography showed the production of nine and eleven compounds from palm bran and cassava bagasse, respectively, which included alcohols, esters and aldehyde. In both the cases, two compounds remained unidentified and ethyl acetate, ethanol and acetaldehyde were the major compounds produced. Esters produced were responsible for the fruity aroma in both the cases. With palm bran, ethanol was the compound produced in highest concentration, and with cassava bagasse (both supplemented with 10\% glucose), ethyl acetate was produced at highest concentration, accumulating 418 and 1395µmoll(-1) head-spaceg(-1) substrate in 72h, respectively.
This article was published in Biochem Eng J
and referenced in Journal of Bioprocessing & Biotechniques