Author(s): Ussher JE, Taylor JA
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Abstract Dendritic cells are the key antigen-presenting cells involved in the initiation of the adaptive immune response. Recombinant adeno-associated viruses (rAAVs) can transduce dendritic cells and have gained attention as potential vaccines capable of stimulating T cell immunity. Here we show that rAAV2 pseudotyped with type 6 capsid (rAAV2/6) exhibits significantly higher tropism for human monocyte-derived dendritic cells (MoDCs) than other serotypes and variants. Transduction was abolished by a single lysine-to-alanine mutation within the AAV6 capsid previously shown to inhibit binding to heparin. However, unlike rAAV2, soluble heparin did not inhibit rAAV2/6 transduction of MoDCs. Further enhancement of MoDC transduction was observed after mutation of Tyr-731 in the capsid of AAV6 consistent with a report that tyrosine residues are phosphorylated, leading to ubiquitination of capsids during uptake. Pseudotyped rAAV2/6 vectors containing a Y731F mutation minimally altered the immunophenotype of MoDCs, which retained their immunostimulatory ability and were able to stimulate an antigen-specific CD8(+) T cell clone. These findings should assist in the development of rAAV2/6 as a vaccine vector.
This article was published in Hum Gene Ther
and referenced in Journal of Genetic Syndromes & Gene Therapy