alexa Optimizing filler content in an adhesive system containing pre-reacted glass-ionomer fillers.
Pharmaceutical Sciences

Pharmaceutical Sciences

Pharmaceutica Analytica Acta

Author(s): Ikemura K, Tay FR, Kouro Y, Endo T, Yoshiyama M,

Abstract Share this page

Abstract OBJECTIVES: (1) To evaluate the optimal concentration of the calcium type pre-reacted glass-ionomer (PRG-Ca) fillers in experimental light-activated adhesives for bonding to tooth substrates and fluoride release; (2) to evaluate the polymerization reactivity of these experimental filled adhesives; and (3) to examine the ultrastructure of the resin-dentin interface bonded with the commercial version of this self-etching adhesive (Imperva Fluoro Bond, Shofu Inc., Kyoto, Japan). MATERIALS AND METHODS: PRG-Ca fillers were prepared from the acid-base reaction of calcium type fluoroaluminosilicate glass with poly(acrylic acid) in water. Different experimental light-cured adhesives were prepared, with 0-57wt\% PRG-Ca fillers and 3wt\% aerosil silica incorporated in a resin matrix. Twenty-four hours shear bond strengths to bovine enamel and dentin were assessed using the adhesive with/or without accelerated aging. The cumulative amount of fluoride released from the cured adhesives and differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) measurements were also conducted. 180-grit SiC paper polished human dentin disks were treated with Imperva Fluoro Bond that contains 17wt\% PRG-Ca fillers and prepared for TEM examination. RESULTS: Increase in PRG-Ca filler content of experimental adhesives was highly correlated with the decrease in bond strengths to dentin (r=-0.96 to -0.99), the increase in cumulative fluoride release, (r=0.97) and the decrease in polymerization energy (cal/g) of the adhesives (r=-0.99) (p<0.001). A PRG-Ca content of 17wt\% provided optimal bond strength to enamel and dentin after accelerated aging and fluoride release. TEM showed that salt-like matrices were present around the hydrogels and remnant glass cores of the PRG-Ca fillers. The commercial self-etching primer completely dissolved the smear layer and formed 2 micrometer thick hybrid layers in intact dentin. SIGNIFICANCE: The use of silanized PRG-Ca fillers provides good adhesion and a source of fluoride release in a commercially available self-etching adhesive system.
This article was published in Dent Mater and referenced in Pharmaceutica Analytica Acta

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Peer Reviewed Journals
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version