Author(s): Kobayashi N, Saito T, Uematsu T, Kishi K, Toba M,
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Abstract Host-defense mechanisms against influenza virus (IFV) infection involve both innate and acquired immunities. Among other components, secretory immunoglobulin A (SIgA) in the airway mucosa plays a particularly pivotal role in preventing IFV infection. Among 150 strains of lactic acid bacteria, Lactobacillus pentosus strain b240 (b240) has the highest IgA-inducing potency in mouse Peyer's patch cells. We previously reported a practical new finding that oral ingestion of nonviable heat-killed b240 elevates salivary IgA secretion in humans. The present study aimed to determine if nonviable b240 can prevent IFV infection in mice. In a BALB/c mouse model infected with lethal levels of IFV A/PR8/34 (H1N1), oral administration of b240 for 3 weeks by gavage prior to IFV infection significantly prolonged the survival period. For IFV infection at nonlethal levels, the infectious titers of IFV in the lungs 7 days after infection were significantly reduced after similar b240 administration. Both anti-IFV IgA and immunoglobulin G titers in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid and plasma on day 7 were significantly higher in the b240-treated group than the control group. The augmentation of the anti-IFV immune response by b240 application was preliminarily confirmed by the elevated production of IFV-driven T-cell factors during mixed lymphocyte reactions with b240-primed splenocytes. These results suggest that oral nonviable heat-killed b240 intake can facilitate protection against IFV infection. Copyright Â© 2010 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
This article was published in Int Immunopharmacol
and referenced in Applied Microbiology: Open Access