alexa Oral antidiabetic therapy in a large Italian sample: drug supply and compliance for different therapeutic regimens.
Diabetes & Endocrinology

Diabetes & Endocrinology

Journal of Diabetes & Metabolism

Author(s): Vittorino Gaddi A, Benedetto D, Capello F, Di Pietro C, Cinconze E,

Abstract Share this page

Abstract OBJECTIVES: To define the main features of patients treated with oral antidiabetics, evaluating monotherapy (MT), loose-dose combination therapy (LDCT) and fixed-dose combination therapy (FDCT); to describe medication adherence to the different therapies; and to evaluate the differences in compliance with the prescribed therapy regimen among prevalent and incident patient cohorts. STUDY DESIGN: This study was a retrospective cohort analysis based on the ARNO database, a national record that tracks reimbursable prescription claims submitted from selected pharmacies to the Italian national health system. In total, 169,375 subjects, from an overall population of 4,040,624 were included in this study. The patients represented 12 different local health units. Each patient had at least one oral antidiabetic prescription claim (A10B ATC code). METHODS: Patients were divided into four groups according to their treatment regimen during the recruitment period (1 January 2008-31 December 2008): MT, FDCT, LDCT and switching therapy. A timespan of 5 years was considered, from 4 years before to 1 year after the index date (i.e. date of the prescription selected in the recruitment period). A medication possession ratio (MPR) with a cut-off value of 80\% was used to measure medication adherence. Descriptive statistics and multiple logistic regression were used to define the objectives, while P < 0.05 was considered to indicate significance. RESULTS: The median age of patients (n = 169,375, prevalence 4.2\%) was 70 years [interquartile range (IQR) 17], and 49.1\% were females. Considering the entire sample, the median MPRs for the treatment regimens were: MT, 0.73 (IQR 0.53; 43.9\% compliant); FDCT, 1 (IQR 0.29, 68,5\% compliant); and LDCT, 0.89 (IQR 0.33, 60.3\% compliant). FDCT and LDCT were significantly correlated with MPR. Compliance was 48.9\% in the prevalent patient cohort (i.e. patients prescribed oral antidiabetic therapy in both prerecruitment and recruitment periods); median MPRs for the treatment regimens were: MT, 0.73 (IQR 0.52); FDCT, 1 (IQR 0.28); and LDCT, 0.90 (IQR 0.32). Compliance was 43.0\% in the incident patient cohort (i.e. patients who were first prescribed oral antidiabetic therapy in the recruitment period); median MPRs for the treatment regimens were: MT, 0.70 (IQR, 0.58); FDCT, 1 (IQR 0.34); and LDCT, 0.64 (IQR 0.39). CONCLUSIONS: Compliance was better for FDCT than the other therapeutic regimens in the study population. The same trend was observed in both the prevalent and incident patient cohorts. As type 2 diabetes is a chronic lifelong pathology, and multiple agents are often required to achieve glycaemic control, the preference for FDCT in the population, when clinically applicable, could be an effective strategy for functional administration of clinical outcome and sources. Evaluation of specific population fractions (age, sex, compliance, etc.) and specific agents or drug combinations could also be relevant in order to reach the healthcare objectives. Copyright © 2013 The Royal Society for Public Health. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. This article was published in Public Health and referenced in Journal of Diabetes & Metabolism

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords